Monday, June 13, 2011

Roman Post 4

Augustus was the first emperor of Rome. His real name was Octavian but he was given the name 'Augustus' by the senate as an honour for his great achievements. He avenged the death of Caesar together with Mark Antony, before falling out with him. He defeated Mark Antony together with the famous Egyptian queen Cleopatra and thereafter, together with the senate of Rome, created a new constitution for the great empire. Augustus stood at the head of this empire as the emperor. He used his ruled wisely and built roads, aqueducts and buildings. Not only was Augustus the first, but he was most certainly one of the best emperors Rome ever had.

It has been said that the life of the first Roman emperor was really the life of two men - Octavian and Augustus. In the years when, as Octavian, he was fighting for the rule of the Roman world, he did many mean and treacherous things to bring about his ends. He thought nothing of sacrificing his friends in order to win over powerful enemies. But after Octavian became the emperor Augustus, a ruler with no serious rivals, there was a great change for the better. In general he showed a kindness and a generosity that had been almost entirely lacking in former years.

Roman Post 3

Tuesday, May 17, 2011

Roman Post 2

I don't believe we should use any of the resources. I feel these online activities are hindering our ability to understand Western Civilization. In my opinion I do not feel these sites are providing a basic or advanced level of understanding of the material. With online work, students can just copy off of the internet without actually being able to grasp the true details. Technology, especially new technology, always has some sort of bugs or errors that occur. The amount of time wasted to fixing these problems take away from the possible time to learn. This is why I feel these resources should not be used.

Monday, May 16, 2011

Roman Post 1

1. Censors - Officials who appointed candidates to the Senate and oversaw the moral conduct of all citizens.
2. Legionaries - Citizens who made up the major unit of the Roman army.
3. Forum - Center of all government business.
4. Republic - Government in which voters elect officials to run the state.
5. Praetors - Officials who oversaw the Roman legal system.

1. Carthage, a powerful city on the north African coast, was a great commerical power that Rome feared would control the Mediterranean.
2. Historians call the conflicts between Carthage and Rome the Punic Wars
3. Spartacus , a Roman slave, led a revolt in 73 B.C. in which more than 70,000 slaves took part.
4. Trade within Rome's empire created a class of business people and landowners called equities.
5. After losing the First Punic War, Carthage was forced to give up Sicily.

1. Julius Caesar - "I led my troops across the Rubicon and declared war on the Republic."
2. Triumvirate - "I am a political alliance that means "rule of three."
3. The Grachhi - "We were brothers who attempted to save the Roman Republic through reforms."
4. Five Good Emporers - "We ruled for almost a hundred years and spent much time fortifying the provinces and defending the empire against invaders."
5. Augustus - "I called myself 'first citizen' and was the first emperor of Rome."

1. The Pax Romana was one of the longest periods of peace and stability the world has ever known.
2. The Code of 12 tables, or Roman laws, changed to help unify the empire.
3. Early Roman gods included, lares, or ancestral spirits, and Vesta, the spirit who guarded the fire and hearth
4.  In one type of Roman entertainment, trained fighters—often slaves—called Gladiators fought wild beasts and other men in front of huge crowds.
5. Galen wrote several medical volumes that summarized all of the medical knowledge of his day.

1. The rise of Christianity and its gradual spread across the empire changed the culture of the Romans.
2. The Roman governor Pontius Pilate tried Jesus for being an enemy of the state.
3. The Council of Nicaea proclaimed the existence of the Trinity—three persons, or forms, in one God.
4. The Roman emperor Constantine declared his support for Christianity in A.D. 312.
5. In the late Roman empire, Christian church councils collected and spread Chrisitan beliefs which helped establish Christianity as a major religion and stabilized the church.

1. Inflation , a rise in prices caused by a decrease in the value of money, became so severe that people stopped using money.
2. In AD 324 Constantine became the sole emperor again and built a beautiful capital city in the East.
3. The Vandals,  a Germanic tribe, proved to be a serious threat and sacked Rome around A.D. 455.
4. The Hun , nomadic people from central and southwestern Asia, posed an ever-growing threat to Rome in the late empire.
5. Growing divisions between the rich and the poor, a loss of values, and a loss of patriotism are social explanations of why the empire fell.

Tuesday, March 29, 2011


Mathematics + Sciences
Architectual designs

The first known democracy was created in Greece and gave political power to the citizens. This culture has continued, and the power to elect continues to be held by the people of the modern world. In terms of sports, Greece hosted the very first Olympic Games, which is still held today every four years. Many of the sports found in the modern day Olympics closely resemble those competed in at the first Olympics. Not only did the Greeks provide the Olympics but they also had a wide range of philosophies. Their philosophies and theories have helped to shape generation after generation. The Greeks also made gigantic leaps in the fields of math science, and medicine, some of their ideas still hold true today. Lastly, architectural style is a big thing that Greece gave to the modern world. Many designs based off of ancient Greek architect are still used today.



This image would serve as a great cover for the Greek Unit because it expresses a lot of the history in one picture. The greeks were once a prosperous empire that believed in polytheism or the believe in multiple gods. The temples were large and beautiful buildings where Greeks went to pray. Religion was not seperated with culture as can be told by the picture. The building was created with hard work time and great engineering. It seems to be quite obvious that religion would have been a large part of the Greek lifestyle. This image would be a great cover for any ancient Greek history textbook.

Thursday, March 24, 2011



Although Athens and Sparta were both located in Greece, their society and culture greatly differed. Athens depended both on trade and agriculture; whereas, Sparta was solely based upon agriculture. Because of this, Sparta was very isolated and laid back. On the other hand, Athens was very outgoing and active in open relations with other city-states. Athens did not require military service; therefore, they were not very heavily armed with men; whereas, Sparta required mandatory military enrollment.

I would have liked to Sparta because they seem to have a more organized city-state. No problems could occur as they were both self-sufficient and well armed. Living the life of a Spartan would make me feel as though I contributed to the society and everyone in the city-state needs to work hard enough to gather enough food and resources. Also living in Sparta would allow me to shout "THIS IS SPARTA."

Wednesday, March 23, 2011


1. In 1900, archaeologists found evidence of the minoan civilization.
2. King Minos had his palace in the city of Knossos
3. The Minoan system of writing adopted by the Mycenaeans was called Linear B
4. The Greeks placed much importance on the political independence of each different polis, and each city-state formed its own kind of government.
5. The Mycenaeans were a warring people, organized into groups or clans, who conquered the Minoans in central Crete.
6. Hoplites were heavy infantry who carried long spears.
7. Aristocracy means: ruled by the best.
8. Homer was a blind poet who created two epics.
9: The "Iliad" was an epic about the trojan war.
10. Oracles were places where it was believed gods spoke through mortals.
11. Sparta was known for the physical strength and discipline of its people.
12. Draco is believed to have created Athen's first written law code around 621 B.C.
13. Thucydides is often called the first true historican because he took a critical look at historical evidence. 
14. Cleisthenes broke up the power of the aristocrats and created the Council of Five Hundred.
15. People the Spartans conquered were forced to work for them and were called helots.
16. The Greek word sophos means "wise."
17. The writings of the Greek female poet Sappho can teach us about the lives of women in ancient Greece.
18. Athenian women were citizens, but could not vote, nor could they own or inherit property.
19. The main purpose of marriage was to have children.
20. Most Athenians believed that money should be spent on public buildings.
21. Themistocles was the Athenian leader who tricked Xerxes and destroyed most of the Persian fleet.
22. Pericles the greatest Greek statesman.
23. Peloponnesian War was between Sparta and Athens.
24. Battle of Marathon the outnumbered Athenians defeated the Persian invasion of Greece.
25. Delos home of the Greek alliance's treasury before it was moved to Athens by Pericles.

Post 13: review

I was not a huge fan of the website. It wasn't as user friendly as other project-making sites and I felt limited to what I was allowed to do. It was very hard learning how to add text to an image and it seemed like an unorganized powerpoint.

Thursday, March 3, 2011

Post 11: Egyptian Project Intro

Inquiry Question: What kinds of tools did the Egyptians use and how did the tools change from the old to new kingdom?

I want to learn about how the tools differed between social classes. I believe that the rich will have "higher class" tools that will both be easier to use and more effective.

I would like to present this project in either a PowerPoint or video because I believe this is an effective teaching and learning tool.

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

Post 10: Most Influential Person


Cyrus the Great was the most influential leader of the Persian Empire. Starting under his reign, he was the founder of the Persian Empire. Time after time, Cyrus conquered empires; first the Median empire, then the Lydian empire, and eventually the Neo-Babylonian empire. Unlike any other ruler before, Cyrus the Great respected the customs and religions of the lands he conquered. Cyrus the Great is the most influential leader of Persia because he did not only care about human rights but he also was a great military strategist.

Post 9: Q4 on Page 49

Post 8: Most Important Award

Hammurabi has been awarded the "MIA" for being the most influential leader during this time period. He created a written law of code that expressed his ability to be an able ruler. The 282 laws dealt with almost everything from trade to theft to injury and murder. We thank you Hammurabi for putting your time and effort into running a successful empire.

Thursday, February 17, 2011

Post 7: Northern's Ham and Cheese's code

1. If a student loses his book, he shall be forced to write the whole book by paper and pencil.
2. If a student attacks a teacher, he shall be the teacher's pet (an actual pet).
3. If a student is late to a class without a pass, he shall receive a lash for every minute he is late.
4. If a student does drugs in school, his drugs shall be confiscated and he shall be forced to watch public service announcements for the whole day.
5. If a student attacks another student, they shall both be beaten by the principal.
6. If a student texts in class, his phone shall be crushed with a hammer and his/her hands shall be hit with a ruler multiple times.
7. If a student cheats on a test, his test shall be thrown away and the student will receive a 0 and a lash for the amount of times he has been caught cheating.
8. If a student vandalizes a computer, he shall be forced to fix it. If he cannot he will be forced to buy a new computer.
9. If a student goes home early without a reason, he shall be forced to come to school early.
10. If a student skips a class, his legs shall be cut off making him unable to "skip"
11. If a student steals a school owned item, his hands shall be cut off.
12. If a student disobeys the Ham and Cheese's code, a man in a ham and cheese outfit will attack him/her.

Post 6: Ham and Cheese's Code

1.  If any man, without the knowledge of the owner of a garden, fell a tree in a garden he shall pay half a mina in money.
2.  If any one steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death.
3.    If any one find runaway male or female slaves in the open country and bring them to their masters, the master of the slaves shall pay him two shekels of silver.
4. If the gardener has not completed the planting of the field, leaving one part unused, this shall be assigned to him as his.
5. If he give a male or female slave away for forced labor, and the merchant sublease them, or sell them for money, no objection can be raised.
#3 and #5 should be in place because they would serve no purpose since there are no slaves.
#2 makes perfect sense. If someone steals a child he should die.
#1 and #4 deal with farming and they should have the right to their own property.

Friday, February 11, 2011

Post 5: Sumerian Letter

Dear Travel Agent 007,

 I would like to thank you for offering a new river valley to settle in. After doing much research I still believe that the Fertile Crescent is still the best choice. Every year the ground becomes fertile because of the annual floods. Due to the consistency of these floods, we feel we will be able to set up a permanent civilization that will be both successful. Although the Indus river valley would be a better choice than a random area, the fertile crescent is the middle of Africa, Europe, and Asia which provides great trade areas.

Sumerian Sumo

Thursday, February 10, 2011

Post 4: River Valley Letter

Dear Sumerians,

The Indus river valley could have also been a great place to live. The region is very similar compared to the Fertile Crescent and other civilizations have/will live there. Agriculture would be of abundance and just like the Fertile Crescent, the soil will be rich and fertile. If you were to ever get attacked, I would suggest searching for the Indus River Valley as a backup place to live. Good luck on your search for a permanent Civilization.

Travel Agent 007

Post 3: Timeline

The two timelines cover all of the Fertile Crescent and also includes surrounding areas during the time.
The first timeline is more beneficial and should be put into the textbook because it provides accurate information and also provides pictures and maps to go along with the text. Although the timeline adds some unneccesary information, it allows for the curious mind to learn more about the Fertile Crescent.

Post 2: 15 Important facts, Quizzes 3-5

1. Sumerian writing was called cuneiform. They wrote on slabs of clay.
2. The Sumerians may have invented the "arch."
3. Sumerians built temples called ziggurats to worship to their multiple gods.
4. The Sumerians developed their calender based on the moon.
5. The Sumerian civilizations existed between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
6. The Assyrians were the first to use calvary.
7. The code of Hammurabi is a series of laws that dealt with aspects of life.
8. Zoroaster was a persian prophet who developed an influential religious philosophy.
9. Sargon was the most powerful Akkadian king.
10. Cyrus the great was a eprsian king who captured Babylon and took over the fertile crescent.
11. Phoenicia consisted of city-states.
12. Phoenicians collected shellfish to make purple dye.
13.  The Lydians are the first to use coined money.
14.  The exchange of one good or service for another is called barter.
15. The Phoenicans developed the art of glass blowing.

Thursday, February 3, 2011

Post 1: Introduction

Western Civilization Introduction

I am interested in Iron maiden, robot unicorn attack, robot unicorn attack Christmas edition, and robot unicorn attack heavy metal. I like to spend my time making and editing videos and I play tennis. I took this class because I wanted to learn about history other than the United States' history. The Egyptian and the roman ancient civilizations really intrigue me because each of them have created unimaginable things. If I were to gain three things in this class it would be: A better understanding of history, a better understanding of our world today, and a learning how to blog, a different teaching technique used rarely in my school. I am unique because everyone is unique.