1. In 1900, archaeologists found evidence of the minoan civilization.
2. King Minos had his palace in the city of Knossos
3. The Minoan system of writing adopted by the Mycenaeans was called Linear B
4. The Greeks placed much importance on the political independence of each different polis, and each city-state formed its own kind of government.
5. The Mycenaeans were a warring people, organized into groups or clans, who conquered the Minoans in central Crete.
6. Hoplites were heavy infantry who carried long spears.
7. Aristocracy means: ruled by the best.
8. Homer was a blind poet who created two epics.
9: The "Iliad" was an epic about the trojan war.
10. Oracles were places where it was believed gods spoke through mortals.
11. Sparta was known for the physical strength and discipline of its people.
12. Draco is believed to have created Athen's first written law code around 621 B.C.
13. Thucydides is often called the first true historican because he took a critical look at historical evidence.
14. Cleisthenes broke up the power of the aristocrats and created the Council of Five Hundred.
15. People the Spartans conquered were forced to work for them and were called helots.
16. The Greek word sophos means "wise."
17. The writings of the Greek female poet Sappho can teach us about the lives of women in ancient Greece.
18. Athenian women were citizens, but could not vote, nor could they own or inherit property.
19. The main purpose of marriage was to have children.
20. Most Athenians believed that money should be spent on public buildings.
21. Themistocles was the Athenian leader who tricked Xerxes and destroyed most of the Persian fleet.
22. Pericles the greatest Greek statesman.
23. Peloponnesian War was between Sparta and Athens.
24. Battle of Marathon the outnumbered Athenians defeated the Persian invasion of Greece.
25. Delos home of the Greek alliance's treasury before it was moved to Athens by Pericles.